TMJ is characterized by hypermobility of the joint as a result of early or excessive anterior translation. This excessive movement results in laxity of the surounding capsule and ligaments. This may also contribute to disc degeneration.
Signs of TMJ Hypermobility Include:
- Clicking, popping, or cracking with mandibular depression or elevation
- closed or open locking
- lateral deviation of the mandible during depression or elevation
- tinnitus or ear stuffed sensation
Treatment includes physical therapy, splint therapy, and stress management
Restoration of normal resting position of the head, neck, jaw, and shoulder girdle is accomplished through the initial exercise: RTTPB which is an acronym for:
- Relaxation - allow tension in your body to be released
- Teeth apart- say the word "Emma". Let your jaw and mouth drop open slightly and remain in this position
- Tongue on palate- hold your tongue in the "clucking" position
- Breathing - use diaphragmatic breathing.