Monday, May 21, 2018

Americans with Disabilities Act - Accessibility Requirements

The Americans with Disabilities Act is designed to provide a clear and comprehensive national mandate for elimination of discrimination.  The ADA is federal legislation which was signed into law on July 26, 1990.

The Americans with Disabilities Act is divided into five titles:
Title I:       Employment
Title II:      Public Serices
Title III:     Public Accommodations
Title IV:     Telecommunications
Title V:      Miscellaneous

The ADA applies primarily, but not exclusively to "disabled" individuals.  An individual is "disabled" if he or she meets atleast one of the following criteria:

  • He or she has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of his/her major life activates
  • He or she has a record of such an impairment
  • He or she is regarded as having such an impairment
The Employment provisions apply to employers of 15 employees or more. The Public Accommodation provisions apply to all businesses, regardless of the number of employees.

Employers are required to make reasonable accommodation for qualified individuals with a disability, who are defined by the American with Disabilities Act as individuals who satisfy the job-related requirements of a position held or desired, and who can perform the "essential functions" of such position with or without reasonable accommodation.  The Americans with Disabilities Act does not require employers to make accommodations that pose an "undue hardship".  Undue Hardship is defined as significantly difficult or expensive accommodations.

Accessibility Requirements:

Ramps
Grade less than 8.3%,  At least 36 inches width,  Must have handrails on both sides,  Twelve inches of length for each inch of vertical rise,  Handrails required for a rise of six inches or more for a horizontal run of 72 inches or more

Doorways
Minimum 32 inches width
Maximum 24 inch depth

Thresholds
Less than 3/4 inch for sliding doors
Less than 1/2 inch for other doors

Carpet
Requires 1/2 inch pile or less

Hallway Clearance
36 inch width

Wheel Chair Turning Radius
60 inch width
78 inch length

Forward Reach in Wheel Chair
Low reach 15 inches
High reach 48 inches

Side Reach in Wheel Chair
Reach over obstruction to 24 inches

Bathroom Sink
Not less than 29 inch height,  Not greater than 40 inches from floor to bottom of mirror or paper dispenser.  17 inches minimum depth under sing to back wall

Bathroom toilet
17- 19 inches from floor to top of toilet,  Not less that 36 inch grab bars,   Grab bars should be 1 1/2 inch in diameter and same  spacing between bar and the wall,    Grab bar placement 33 - 36 inches up from the floor

Hotels
Approximately 2% of total rooms must be accessible

Parking Spaces
96 inches wide,   240 inches in length,   Adjacent aisle must be 60 inches by 240 inches,   Approximately 2% of the total spaces must be accessible

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