Monday, May 1, 2017

Dressing Types and Characteristics (For Wound Treatment)

Kerlix
·         used to secure primary bandage in place
·         use in spirals 1” above and 1” below

Calcium Alginates:
·         “rope” or flat sheet
·         provides moist wound environment
·         highly absorbent
·         may be used with infected wounds
·         assists in re-epithelization

Telfa:
·         non-adherent dressing (middle part of a bandaid) 
·         use with mildly draining wounds
·         works well with Silvadene applied over large burned areas, then secure with kerlix

Packing strips:
·         used for filling tunnels
·         Remember, we want the wound to heal from the inside out

Gauze: 
·         Used with “wet-to-damp” or “wet-to-dry” dressings

Foam:
·         Absorbent
·         Pads and cushions the wound
·         Maintains wound environment

Regranex:  growth factor contains form of human platelet derived from growth factor which promotes growth of tissue

Hydrocolloid:
·         Occlusive to semipermeable
·         Provides moist environment
·         Aids in autolytic debridement
·         Encourages granulation

Hydroactive:
·         Absorbs exudates into the structure of dressing
·         Swells to fill cavity


Ultrasound gel pack:
·         Place over top of wound, then perform US treatement


Elase and Santyl Collagenase:
  • Debriding enzymes
  • Use “cross-hatch” pattern with scapel to promote penetration into necrosis
  • Promotes wound debridement
  • DO NOT use on red, healthy tissue
  • Apply with sterile tip applicator
Film

  • Used for superficial Stage 1 wounds
  • Promotes autolytic debridement
  • Transparent
  • Provides moist wound environment

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